A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon

By Christopher Corèdon

An curiosity within the heart a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a observe or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that - although this kind of declare is unavoidably rash. even though, it's been designed within the wish that it'll be of genuine aid to non-academic readers, and at times perhaps even to experts. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of way of life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislations and govt, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are often present in sleek books of heritage of the interval; equally, the appropriate which means of previous English and center English phrases could elude contemporary reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the beginning and evolution of a notice supplies a greater understanding....

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An arbalest. An English form is ‘balister’. [< L arcuballista < arcus = shape of a bow + ballista = a missile thrower] – Cf. CROSSBOW; LOOPHOLE Arber. See ERBER Arcarius. Latin for a treasurer, not to be confused with the homonym meaning ‘archer’, the etymology being quite different. [< L arca = chest, strong box] Archangel. An angelic order, the best known members of which were Gabriel, Michael and Raphael. It was Raphael who, in Milton’s Paradise Lost, was sent by God to put man on guard against Satan.

OFr. aisselier < L axilla = plank board] Asinarium festum. See FEAST OF FOOLS Aspect. See AFFRONTY Assart. The grubbing up of trees and scrub, thus the turning of waste and woodland into cropland or pasture. Such land was also known as terra nova = new land. It was a serious offence to assart lands within a forest without a licence, forests being largely reserved for royal hunting. [< OFr. assarter = to grub up trees] – Cf. AFFORESTATION; SARTIS Assisa panis et cervisiae. Lit. *‘assize of bread and beer’.

Irish Ital. Italian L Latin LHP Leges Henrici Primi lit. 1066 OFr. Old French ON Old Norse orig. g. 2s = two shillings W Welsh [ ] brackets enclose alternative forms of headwords, and etymologies < is derived from * cross-reference to a Headword A À outrance. The term used to describe jousting in a hostile manner, when injury or death were expected and even wished for. Jousting could also be à plaisir, for pleasure. [< OFr. outrance = beyond bounds, extreme; Fr. à outrance = to the bitter end] – Cf.

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