By Faizal Bux, Yusuf Chisti
This booklet examines the usage of algae for the advance of precious items and strategies with the emphasis in the direction of eco-friendly applied sciences and techniques, and the necessities to make those workable. Serving as a whole reference consultant to the construction of biofuels and different price extra items from micro and macro algae, it covers quite a few facets of algal biotechnology from the fundamentals to giant scale cultivation, harvesting and processing for various items. it really is authored and edited by way of revered international specialists within the box of algal biotechnology and offers the hottest and leading edge info on advancements within the box. during the last decade there was vast concentration and comparable literature at the software of algal biomass for the iteration of novel tactics and items. ‘Algae Biotechnology: items and tactics’ contains a holistic method of seriously comparing advancements within the box of algal biotechnology while making an allowance for fresh advances and development at the physique of data. facets of the consequences of destructive algae also are mentioned, in addition to the aptitude advertisement program of algal biotechnology, the techno-economic feasibility of algal biodiesel construction and using genetic and metabolic engineering for the advance of yield. different bioenergy resources resembling alcohol fuels, aviation fuels, biohydrogen and biogas also are lined. This ebook is meant for postgraduates and researchers operating within the biofuels and algal undefined; it constitutes excellent reference fabric for either early degree and confirmed researchers.
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Extra info for Algae Biotechnology: Products and Processes
Limnology and Oceanography, 42, 1203–1214. , & Vos, M. (2011). Induced defenses in marine and freshwater phytoplankton: A review. Hydrobiologia, 668, 3–19. Van Etten, J. , Lane, L. , & Meints, R. H. (1991). Viruses and virus like particles of eukaryotic algae. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 55, 586–620. Van Etten, J. , & Meints, R. H. (1999). Giant viruses infecting algae. Annual Review of Microbiology, 53, 447–494. Weissman, J. C, Tillet, D. , & Goebel, R. P. (1989). Design and operation of an outdoor microalgae test facility.
Dead zones adversely affect mixing, allow solids to settle, and cause unwanted energy losses (Chisti 2012). Other methods of preventing the development of the dead zones have been discussed in the literature (Chisti 2012; Sompech et al. 2012). 81 m s−2) is the gravitational acceleration, dh is the hydraulic diameter of the flow channel, fM is the Manning channel roughness factor, and e is the efﬁciency of the motor, drive and the paddlewheel. 015 s m−1/3 for an unﬁnished concrete surface (Chisti 2012).
2001), vertically (Chini Zitelli et al. 2000, 2006; Pulz 2001), and in few cases, tilted (Doucha and Livansky 2006; Lee and Low 1991; Richmond and Cheng-Wu 2001). However, maximizing the incident solar radiation flux is not trivial. It obviously depends on the longitude and latitude of the system’s location and on the day of the year. For example, horizontal systems are best suited for locations close to the Equator (latitude 0°). For higher latitudes, it is necessary to tilt the system exposed surface to maximize the amount of light collected.